The male House Sparrows are distinguished from the females by their black faces, throat and bid, darker brown on their heads and wings and greyer underside, where as the females and juveniles are much paler with no very few if any black markings.
House Sparrows are native to most of Europe, the Mediterranean Region and much of Asia. But can now been found in some areas of Australia, Africa and the Americas, due to accidental or intentional introductions.
Both the male and the female will share in the duties of feeding the young, whilst they are in the nest and for their first few days out of the nest.
In this photo of the juvenile, you can just make out the yellow cartilage like protrusion, around the base of the beak, which helps the adults to see the opening of the beak in the dark nest at feeding time.
The juvenile has now flown off and the male has a feed itself and then a well deserved shake of its feathers before flying off, job done, for now.